Periodontal Therapy

Periodontal Therapy

Periodontal (gum) disease is a huge threat to oral health. The incidence of gum disease affects about 80% of the adult population in the United States. When periodontal disease is left unchecked, it advances into a condition that has the power to significantly damage the entire oral health system. Since gum disease is a major threat to our patients’ well being, our team at Dental Studio provides periodontal therapy utilizing effective treatment protocols and the latest technology. We treat gum disease with specialized prophylaxis and laser-assisted therapies.

The Onset and Progression of Gum Disease

In most instances, gum disease begins as a result of poor and inadequate oral hygiene. When we do not brush or floss properly and/or skip routine dental cleanings, plaque will accumulate and eventually harden into tartar. As tartar builds up along the gums, it will inflame the gingiva. Inflamed gums will pull away from teeth, creating pockets where tartar will continue building.

As periodontal pockets form and as the gums recede, the roots of teeth become exposed. Lacking support and protection from the gums, teeth can become loose and develop decay at the root. Inflamed gingiva will also become infected, and this infection can spread throughout the oral cavity and ultimately enter the bloodstream. Advanced gum disease does cause tooth loss and contributes to bone deterioration. When periodontal disease progresses to a certain stage, it is not curable. It is only manageable. This is why prevention and professional intervention is so important.

Scaling and Root Planing

Scaling and root planing are two treatments that are performed together. A type of prophylaxis, this procedure involves removing tartar build up and smoothing the roots of teeth. Scaling and root planing can control the progression of gum disease, prevent the attachment of new tartar buildup at the roots of teeth and encourage reattachment of gingival tissue to teeth.

Laser-Assisted Periodontal Therapy

Soft tissue lasers can be used for treating periodontal disease. Lasers are effective at opening and closing tissue without the need for sutures. Fibers attached to the laser are used to access the innermost parts of the gingiva which can cut down on the invasiveness of standard periodontal treatment protocols. Moreover, laser therapy kills pathogens that infect soft oral tissue. Laser-assisted periodontal therapy may be used alone or in conjunction with other treatments like scaling and root planing.

Managing gum disease is crucial for protecting your oral health and well being. When performing dental checkups and cleanings, our team at Dental Studio will screen patients for signs of periodontal disease. If periodontal therapy is necessary, we will create a custom treatment plan based on one’s individual needs.

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What is periodontal disease?

Periodontal disease is an aggressive condition that affects the gingiva (gums) and supporting bone. This disease is very common and when it goes untreated, it can become a condition that wrecks the entire oral health system. Categorized by inflammation and infection of the gum tissue, periodontal disease is the leading contributor to tooth loss among adults. The advanced stages of this disease destroy the gums and bone.

Detecting periodontal disease is done by performing a physical examination. Patients with advanced gum disease may have obvious symptoms like red, purple, and swollen gums. The progression of periodontal disease can also be monitored by measuring the depth and width of periodontal pockets - spaces between the gum line and the crown of the tooth where tartar accumulates. Periodontal disease requires professional treatment so that the condition and its effects can be managed. Dental Studio offers specialized cleanings and laser-assisted therapy for the treatment of gum disease.

What is gingivitis?
Gingivitis is the early stage of gum disease. Unlike advanced periodontal disease, gingivitis is curable with proper care and meticulous oral hygiene. Many times, gingivitis is asymptomatic. This is why routine cleanings and checkups are important for detecting this condition as soon as possible. The most common symptom associated with gingivitis is bleeding gums during brushing or flossing. The main contributors behind gingivitis are accumulation of plaque and tartar caused by inadequate oral hygiene.
What should I do about bleeding gums?
If you notice that your gums are bleeding, do not stop your oral hygiene routine. Continue flossing and brushing gently and thoroughly. In the meantime, call our practice to schedule an appointment for a checkup since bleeding gums is a sign of gum disease. At your appointment, we will be able to determine if you have gum disease after performing an examination.
Is periodontal disease linked to heart disease?
Research has linked periodontal disease to heart disease, osteoporosis, diabetes, Alzheimer's Disease, certain cancers and premature birth. Some studies have shown that pathogens capable of infecting the gums do enter the bloodstream and might attach to plaque that accumulates within the arteries of the heart. While more research needs to be conducted to understand the ramifications of how heart disease and periodontal disease are connected, we do know that oral health affects general wellness. For this reason, it is important to take a proactive approach to keeping your teeth and gums as healthy as possible.
What are the symptoms of gum disease?
Symptoms of gum disease can vary from person to person. Many symptoms associated with gum disease depend on the stage of the condition. The most commonly reported symptoms of gum disease are receding gums, bleeding gums, discoloration of the gingiva, and inflamed gum tissue.